Welcome to National Kidney & Prostate Clinic
The kidneys are the blood filtration organs of the body, which purify the blood of all the impurities in it. These impurities are then excreted in the urine, in a concentrated form. Kidneys are also an important organ which controls the blood pressure and the hemoglobin production by the bone marrow and the liver. The kidneys also maintain the amount of water retained inside the body, therefore when the individual is dehydrated the kidneys conserve the water, while when the patient has more water in the body, the kidney help in excreting the excess water from the body in the form if urine.
Therefore, the kidneys are vital organ essential for life. When the kidney become weak then the patient has excess impurities like creatinine in the blood. Also, the water excretion and management suffers therefore they may have water overload, or dehydration. Also they often have, difficult to control, high blood pressure. And they have very low hemoglobin. Which results in the patient becoming weak and having very less appetite.
At this point a nephrologist will often advise to start Hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is the process of purification of the blood. This is generally performed twice or thrice weekly. The patient is admitted in day care. Then blood is drawn into a dialysis machine then purified and filtered and then returned to the patient. This process is lifesaving in end stage renal disease patients.
These patients need specialized nephrological care too since these patients also have low hemoglobin, excessively high blood pressure. And also deficit in calcium and iron metabolism.
Since the kidney produces erythropoietin, a hormone which stimulates hemoglobin production therefore this is often needed to be replaced by weekly subcutaneous injections.
Please do not delay nephrology care and dialysis when needed, since these patients can have functional and active life on dialysis and care