Bladder invasive cancer in females
Bladder cancer is more common in males. And has a direct correlation with smoking cigarettes and Bidi. However females can also be affected by this cancer.
When the cancer becomes invasive then there is a chance of spread to distant sites in the body and there is risk to life.
In these cases the best management is laparoscopic radical cystectomy. This sugery can cure these patients since the affected bladder along with the uterus and a cuff of the vagina is removed .
This surgery can nowadays be performed by laparoscopy wherein the patient has lesser invasion and therefore faster recovery. Laparoscopy means the organ removal is performed via five small ports (small incisions)
After removal of the bladder cancer we also create a new passage for passage of urine. We can create a new bladder in patients with early bladder cancers. This bladder is created from the patients own intestine. And patient can pass urine via the normal urine passage. However in advanced cancer we create a new passage called an ilial conduit for the urine to pass from a new opening created in the right lower part of the abdomen. A bag can be attached to this mouth so urine can be collected within this bag. Therefore bladder cancer even if life threatening, can be cured today by keyhole surgery.